Bibliography on Aphrahat


Fr. Joseph Kalariparampil




AbouZayd, Shafiq, Ihidayutha: A Study of the Life of Singleness in the Syrian Orient. From Ignatius of Antioch to Chalcedon 451 A.D., Oxford: ARAM Society for Syro-Mesopotamian Studies, 1993.

Abraham, A. T., The Baptismal Initiation of the Qumran Community, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton Theological Seminary, 1973.

Andreopoulos, A., The Sign of the Cross: the Gesture, the Mystery, the History, Brewster: Paraclete Press, 2006.

Baarda, T., The Gospel Quotations of Aphrahat the Persian Sage: Aphrahat‘s Text of the Fourth Gospel, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Free University of Amsterdam, 1975.

Balicka-Witakowski, E., S. Brock, D. G. K. Taylor, and W. Witakowski, The Hidden Pearl: The Heirs of the Ancient Aramaic Heritage (Photographs by Riccardo Grassetti), Rome: Trans World Film, 2001.

Baron, S. W., Christian Era: The First Five Centuries. Vol. 2 of A Social and Religious History of the Jews, New York: Columbia University Press, 1952.

Barsum, I. A., The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences, Matti Moosa (tr.), Piscataway: Gorgias Press, 2003.

Bauer, W., Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity, translated by PSCO team. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971.

Baumer, C., The Church of the East: An Illustrated History of Assyrian Christianity, London: I. B. Tauras, 2006.

Beggiani, C. S., Introduction to Eastern Christian Spirituality: The Syriac Tradition, Scranton: University of Scranton Press, 1984.

Berkley, T. W., From Broken Covenant to Circumcision of the Heart: Pauline Intertextual Exegesis in Romans 2:17-29, Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2000.

Bert, Georg, Aphrahat’s, des persischen Weisen, Homilien, Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur 3.3-4, Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs, 1888.

Bewer, Julius A., The History of the New Testament Canon in the Syrian Church, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1900.

Bickell, G., Ausgewählte Schriften der syrischen Kirchenväter: Aphraates, Rabulas und Isaak von Ninive, Bibliothek der Kirchenväter [30]. Kempten: Jos. Kösel, 1874.

Black, M., The Scrolls and Christian Origins: Studies in the Jewish Background of the New Testament, Brown Judaic Studies 48, New York: Charles Scribners & Sons, 1961.

Bottéro, J., Everyday Life in Ancient Mesopotamia, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2001.

Boyarin, D., Border Lines: The Partition of Judaeo-Christianity, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.

Boyarin, D., Dying for God: Martyrdom and the Making of Christianity and Judaism, Stanford: Stanford Press, 1999.

Bradshaw, P., and Hoffman L. A. (eds), The Making of Jewish and Christian Worship, London: Routledge, 1991.

Brock, S. P. and S. A. Harvey, Holy Women of the Syrian Orient, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Brock, S. P., The Syriac Fathers on Prayer and the Spiritual Life, Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1987.

Brock, S. P., Prière et vie spirituelle. Textes des Pères syriaques. Spiritualité Orientale 90. Rance, Didier and Joly, André (trs), Bégrolles-en-Mauges: Abbaye de Bellefontaine, 2011.

Bruns, P., Das Christusbild Aphrahats des Persischen Weisen (Studien zur Alten Kirchengeschichte), Bonn: Borengässer, 1990.

Bruns, P., Aphrahat: Unterweisungen, Fontes Christiani 5.1-2. Freiburg im Breisgau / New York: Herder, 1991.

Bryk, F., Circumcision in Man and Woman: Its History, Psychology and Ethnology, David Berger (tr.), New York: American Ethnological Press, 1934.

Buck, C., Paradise and Paradigm: Key Symbols in Persian Christianity and the Baha’i Faith, New York: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Bunge, G., Earthen Vessels: Practice of Personal Prayer according to the Patristic Tradition, M. J. Miller (tr.), San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2002.

Burckhardt, J., The Age of Constantine the Great, New York: Pantheon, 1949.

Burkitt, F. C., Early Eastern Christianity: St. Margaret’s Lectures (1904) on the Syriac-speaking Church, (London: John Murray, 1904) Piscataway: Gorgias Press, 20042.

Carey, C. C., Paul’s Glory Christology: Tradition and Rhetoric, Leiden: Brill, 1992.

Chernus, I., Mysticism in Rabbinic Literature, Berlin: De Gruyter, 1982.

Chialà, Sabino, Afraat il saggio persiano. Buona e l’umiltà. Dimostrazione IX. Sull’umiltà, Monastero di Bose: Qiqajon, 1995.

Colless, Brian Edric, The Wisdom of the Pearlers: An Anthology of Syriac Christian Mysticism, Cistercian Studies Series 216, Kalamazoo, Michigan: Cistercian Publications, 2008.

Cook, J. M., The Persian Empire, London: Dent & Son, 1983.

Cullmann, O., Baptism in the New Testament, J. K. S. Reid (tr.), London: SCM Press, 1964.

Dandamaev, M. A. and V. G. Lukonin, The Culture and Social Institutions of Ancient Iran, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Dandamaev, M. A., A Political History of the Achaemenid Empire. Tr. W. J. Vogelsang.  Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1989.

de Urbina, I. O., Die Gottheit Christi bei Afrahat, Orientalia Christiana 31.1 [87], Roma: Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1933.

Di Sante, C., Jewish Prayer: The Origins of the Christian Liturgy, New York: Paulist Press, 1985.

Duncan, Edward J., Baptism in the Demonstrations of Aphraates the Persian Sage, Catholic University of America Studies in Christian Antiquity 8, Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 1945.

Edakalathur, Louis, The Theology of Marriage in the East Syrian Tradition, Rome: Mar Thoma Yogam, 1994.

Emerton, J. A. and S. C. Reif (eds), Interpreting the Hebrew Bible, Cambridge: Cambridge Press, 1982.

Evans, O. E., Syriac New Testament Quotations in the Works of Aphraates and Contemporary Sources, M.A. Thesis, University of Leeds, 1951.

Every, G., Understanding Eastern Christianity, Bangalore: Dharmaram Publications, 1978.

Ferguson, E., Baptism in the Early Church: History, Theology, and Liturgy in the First Five Centuries, Grand Rapids, Michigan / Cambridge, U.K.: William B. Eerdmans, 2009.

Fiano, E., Aphrahat’s Christology: A Contextual Reading, M.A. Thesis, Duke University, 2010.

Forget, J., De vita et scriptis Aphraatis, sapientis Persae. Universitas Catholica Lovaniensis, Doctoral Dissertation, Series I, 31. Louvain: Vanlinthout Fratres, 1882.

Frye, R., The History of Ancient Iran, Munich: C. H. Beck, 1984.

Funk, S., Die Haggadischen Element in den Homelien des Aphraates, des persischen Weisen, Wien: M. Knöpflmacher, 1891.

Garfiel, E. S., Service of the Heart, New Jersey: Yoseloff, 1958.

Gather, J., Teachings on the Prayer of the Heart in the Greek and Syrian Fathers: The Significance of Body and Community, Gorgias Dissertations in Early Christian Studies 47, Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2010.

Gerlach, K., The Antenicene Pascha: A Rhetorical History, Liturgia condenda 7, Leuven: Peeters, 1998.

Ginzberg, L., Die Haggada bei den Kirchenvätter und in der apokryphischen Litteratur, Berlin: S. Calvary and Co., 1990.

Gollaher, D. L., Circumcision: A History of the World’s most Controversial Surgery, New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Greenslade, S. L., Schism in the Early Church, London: SCM Press, 1953.

Grillmeier, A., Christ in Christian Tradition, Vol. 1: From the Apostolic Age to Chalcedon (451), Bowden, J. (tr.). London / Oxford: A.R. Mowbray & Co., 1975.

Haefeli, L., Stilmittel bei Afrahat, dem persischen Weisen, Leipziger semististische Studien NF 4, Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs, 1932.

Hammond, C. E. (ed.), Ancient Liturgies with Introduction, Notes and a Liturgical Glossary, Piscataway: Gorgias Press, 2004.

Hartwig, E., Untersuchungen zur Syntax des Afraates, Leipzig: W. Drugulin, 1893.

Hausherr, I., Noms du Christ et voies d’oraison, OCA 157, Roma: Pontificium Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1960.

Heinemann, J., Prayer in Talmud: Forms and Patterns, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1977.

Hoffman, L. A., Covenant of Blood: Circumcision and Gender in Rabbinic Judaism, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Jarkins, S.K.S., Aphrahat the Persian Sage and the Temple of God: A Study of Early Syriac Theological Anthropology, Doctoral Dissertation, Marquette University, 2005.

Juhl, D., Die Askese im Liber Graduum und bei Afrahat. Eine vergleichende Studie zur frühsyrischen Frömmigkeit, Orientalia Biblica et Christiana 9, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 1996.

Karim, C. A., Symbols of the Cross in the Writings of the Early Syriac Fathers, Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2004.

Kee, A., Constantine verses Christ, London: SCM Press, 1982.

Kollamparampil, A. G., From Symbol to Truth: A Syriac Understanding of the Paschal Mystery, Bibliotheca Ephemerides Liturgicae, Subsidia 110, Roma: Edizioni Liturgiche, 2000.

Koltun-Fromm, N., Jewish-Christian Polemics in Fourth-Century Persian Mesopotamia: A Reconstructed Conversation, Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University, 1994.

Koltun-Fromm, N., Hermeneutics of Holiness: Ancient Jewish and Christian Notions of Sexuality and Religious Community, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Koltun-Fromm, N., Jewish-Christian Conversation in Fourth-Century Persian Mesopotamia, Judaism in Context 12. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011.

Kunin, S. D., God’s Place in the World, London: Cassel Press, 1998.

Lafontaine, G. (ed.), La version arménienne des œuvres d’Aphraate le Syrien, CSCO 382-383, 405-406, 432-424; Arm. 7-12. Louvain: Secrétariat du CSCO, 1977, 1979, 1980.

Lang, U. M., Turning towards the Lord: Orientation in Liturgical Prayer, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2004.

Langer, R. To Worship God Properly: Tensions between Liturgical Custom and Halakhah in Judaism, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College Press, 1998.

Lehto, A., Divine Law, Asceticism, and Gender in Aphrahat‘s Demonstrations, with a Complete Annotated Translation of the Text and Comprehensive Syriac Glossary, Unpublished doctoral Dissertation, University of Toronto, 2003.

Lenzi, G. (ed.), Afraate. Le esposizioni. Testi del Vicino Oriente antico, Brescia: Paideia, 2012.

Levenson, J., The Death and Resurrection of the Beloved Son: The Transformation of Child Sacrifice in Judaism and Christianity, New Haven: Yale University Pres, 1993.

Lizorkin, I., Aphrahat’s Demonstrations: A Conversation with the Jews of Mesopotamia, CSCO 642, Subs. 129. Leuven: Peeters, 2012.

Manna, J. E. (ed.), Morceaux choisis de littérature araméenne, Mosul: Imprimerie des pères dominicains, 1901.

McCullough, W. S., A Short History of Syriac Christianity to the Rise of Islam, Chico: Scholars Press, 1982.

McGowan, A., Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.

Meeks, W. A. and R. L. Wilken, Jews and Christians in Antioch in the First Four Centuries of the Common Era, Missoula: Scholars Press, 1978.

Meyers M. and J. Strange, Archaeology, the Rabbis, and Early Christianity: The Social and Historical Setting of Palestinian Judaism and Christianity, Nashville: Abington, 1981.

Moore, G. F., Judaism in the First Centuries of the Christian Era: The Age of the Tannaim, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1927.

Mullen, R. L., The Expansion of Christianity: A Gazetteer of Its First Three Centuries, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 69, Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2004.

Murray, J., Christian Baptism, Philadelphia: The Committee on Christian Education, the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, 1952.

Murray, R.,  Symbols of Church and Kingdom: A Study of Early Syriac Tradition, London, T & T Clark, 2006.

Naduvilezham, J., The Theology of the Paschal Lamb in Ephrem of Nisibis, OIRS 239, Kottayam: Oriental Institute of Religious Studies, 2000.

Neusner, J., Aphrahat and Judaism: The Christian-Jewish Argument in Fourth-Century Iran, Leiden: Brill, 1971.

Neusner, J., There We Sat Down, New York: Ktav, 1978.

Neusner, J., Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism in Talmudic Babylonia, Lanham: University Press of America, 1986.

Neusner, J., Judaism and Christianity in the Age of Constantine: History, Messiah, Israel, and the Initial Confrontation, Chicago Studies in the History of Judaism, Chicago / London: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Neusner, J., Jews and Christians: The Myth of a Common Tradition, Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1991.

Nickelsburg, G. W. E., Ancient Judaism and Christian Origins: Diversity, Continuity and Transformation, Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 2003.

Owens, R. J., The Genesis and Exodus Citations of Aphrahat the Persian Sage, Monographs of the Peshitta Institute Leiden 3, Leiden: Brill, 1983.

Parisot, J., Aphraatis Sapientis Persae Demonstrationes, In Patrologia Syriaca, Vols. 1 and 2, R. Griffin (ed.), Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1907.

Petuchowski, J. J., Theology and Poetry: Studies in the Medieval Piyyut, London: Routledge, 1978.

Pierre, M.-J., Aphraate le Sage Persan. Les Exposés. Sources chrétiennes 349, 359, Paris: Éditions du Serf, 1988-1989.

Price, R. M. (tr.), A History of the Monks of Syria by Theodoret of Cyrrhus, Cistercian Studies Series 88, Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1985.

Rassam, S., Christianity in Iraq: Its Origins and Development to the Present Day, Leominster: Gracewing, 2005.

Ricciotti, G., Afraate o il sapiente persiano. Le più belle pagine tradotte dal siriaco, Biblioteca dei Santi 30, Milano: Istituto editoriale italiano, 1926.

Ricciotti, G., S. Afraate, il sapiente persiano. La dimostrazione dell’acino. La dimostrazione della fede, Convito Apostolico 5, Roma: Bollettino per gli assistenti ecclesiastici delle organizzazioni cattoliche maschili, 1929.

Ridolfini, F. S. P., Le “Dimostrazioni” del “Sapiente Persiano”, Verba seniorum NS 14, Roma: Studium, 2006.

Ruzer, S. and Kofsky, Aryeh, Syriac Idiosyncrasies: Theology and Hermeneutics in Early Syriac Literature, Jerusalem Studies in Religion and Culture 11, Leiden / Boston: Brill, 2010.

Sasse, F., Prolegomena in Aphraatis Sapientis Persae Sermones Homileticos, Leipzig: Theodor Stauffer, 1879.

Scaer, D. P., Baptism, St. Louis: The Luther Academy, 1999.

Schaff, P., A Select Library of Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church: Gregory the Great, Ephraim Syrus, Aphrahat, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing (reprinted in 1979), 1890.

Schaff, P., History of the Christian Church, Vol. 3. New York: Charles Scribners & Sons, 1893.

Schiwietz, S., Das morgenländische Mönchtum, Bd. 3: Das Mönchtum in Syrien und Mesopotamien und das Aszetentum in Persien, Mödling bei Wien: Missionsverlag St. Gabriel, 1938.

Schwartz, S., Imperialism and Jewish Society: 200 BCE to 640 CE, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Schwen, P., Afrahat: Seine Person und sein Verständnis des Christentums. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Kirche im Osten, Neue Studien zur Geschichte der Theologie und der Kirche 2, Berlin: Trowitzsch & Sohn, 1907.

Segal, J. B., Edessa: The Blessed City, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.

Shchuryk, O., Lbesh Pegra: Studies on the Influence of Early Syriac Literature on the Armenian Theology of Incarnation, Th.D. Dissertation, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 2010.

Simon, M., Verus Israel: A Study of the Relations between Christians and Jews in the Roman Empire AD 135-425, H. McKeating (tr.), London: Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 1996.

Skoyles Jarkins, S. K., Aphrahat the Persian Sage and the Temple of God: A Study of Early Syriac Theological Anthropology. Gorgias Studies in Early Christianity and Patristics 36. Piscataway: Gorgias Press, 2008.

Smith, D. E., From Symposium to Eucharist. The Banquet in the Early Christian World, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003.

Smith, M., Studies in Early Mysticism in the Near and Middle East, Oneworld’s Mysticism Serie, Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 1995.

Urbach, E. E., The Sages: Their Concepts and Beliefs, I. Abrahams (tr.), Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1975.

Valavanolickal, K., Aphrahat: Demonstrations I, (HIRS India Series 28, Catholic Theological Studies of India 3. Changanassery: HIRS Publications, 1999) Kottayam: St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 2005.

Valavanolickal, K. A., The Use of the Gospel Parables in the Writings of Aphrahat and Ephrem, Studies in the Religion and History of Early Christianity 2, New York: P. Lang, 1996.

Vööbus, A., Celibacy: A Requirement for Admission to Baptism in the Early Syrian Church, Papers of the Estonian Theological Society in Exile 1; Stockholm: Estonian Theological Society in Exile, 1951.

Vööbus, A., History of Asceticism in the Syrian Orient: A Contribution to the History of Culture in the Near East, CSCO 184, 197, 500, Subs. 14, 17, 81, Louvain: Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1958, 1960, 1988.

Wall, W., The History of Infant Baptism, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1851.

Weitzman, M. P., The Syriac Version of the Old Testament, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Wiesehofer, J. 1996., Ancient Persia, London: Tauris.

Williams, A. Lukyn, Adversus Judaeos: A Bird’s View of Christian Apologiae until the Renaissance, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1935.

Wright, W. (ed.), The Homilies of Aphraates, the Persian Sage, Edited from Syriac Manuscripts of the Fifth and Sixth Centuries in the British Museum, with an English Translation, Vol. 1, The Syriac Text, London / Edinburgh: Williams and Norgate, 1869.

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